How to Become a Machine Learning Engineer: A Step-by-Step Guide

Unlock the future of work with our comprehensive guide on becoming a machine learning engineer! Learn the skills and techniques to develop intelligent systems that drive innovation and shape the world we live in.

Updated October 15, 2023

Becoming a Machine Learning Engineer: A Comprehensive Guide

Machine learning engineering is a rapidly growing field that combines principles from computer science, statistics, and domain-specific knowledge to build intelligent systems that can learn from data. If you’re interested in pursuing a career in this exciting field, here’s a comprehensive guide on how to become a machine learning engineer:


While there are no strict prerequisites for becoming a machine learning engineer, having a strong foundation in the following areas is highly recommended:

  1. Computer Science: Understanding the fundamentals of computer science, including programming languages (e.g., Python, Java), data structures, algorithms, and software engineering principles, is essential.
  2. Mathematics: A strong background in mathematics, particularly linear algebra, calculus, and probability theory, is important for understanding machine learning algorithms.
  3. Statistics: Knowledge of statistical concepts, such as hypothesis testing, regression analysis, and time series analysis, is crucial for understanding how machine learning models work.
  4. Domain Expertise: Depending on the specific application area you’re interested in (e.g., healthcare, finance, marketing), having domain-specific knowledge can be beneficial.

The following are some of the top degree programs that can help you become a machine learning engineer:

  • Bachelor’s/Master’s in Computer Science or related fields
  • Bachelor’s/Master’s in Mathematics or Statistics
  • Ph.D. in Machine Learning or related fields

Online courses and certifications are also available for those who prefer to learn online or want to supplement their existing knowledge:

  • Coursera, edX, and Udacity offer a wide range of machine learning courses from top universities worldwide.
  • Professional certifications like the Certified Data Scientist (CDS) or Certified Machine Learning Engineer (CMLE) can demonstrate your expertise to potential employers.


In addition to formal education, there are several skills that are essential for becoming a successful machine learning engineer:

  1. Programming Skills: Proficiency in programming languages like Python, R, or Julia is critical for implementing machine learning algorithms.
  2. Data Analysis and Visualization: Understanding how to work with large datasets, perform exploratory data analysis, and create visualizations is important for understanding how machine learning models perform.
  3. Statistical Knowledge: A strong understanding of statistical concepts, such as hypothesis testing and confidence intervals, is necessary for evaluating the performance of machine learning models.
  4. Communication Skills: Machine learning engineers need to be able to communicate complex technical concepts to non-technical stakeholders, so strong communication skills are essential.
  5. Domain Knowledge: Understanding the specific application area you’re working in (e.g., healthcare, finance, marketing) is important for identifying the right machine learning algorithms and interpreting their results.

Professional Experience

Gaining practical experience through internships or entry-level positions in the field can be beneficial for those looking to become a machine learning engineer:

  1. Internships: Applying for internships at companies that use machine learning, such as tech giants like Google, Facebook, or Amazon, can provide valuable hands-on experience.
  2. Entry-level Positions: Looking for entry-level positions at startups or small companies can provide opportunities to work on a wide range of projects and gain exposure to different machine learning algorithms and techniques.
  3. Kaggle Competitions: Participating in Kaggle competitions, which are online machine learning competitions that involve solving real-world problems, can provide valuable experience working with large datasets and evaluating model performance.
  4. Open-source Projects: Contributing to open-source machine learning projects, such as TensorFlow or scikit-learn, can demonstrate your expertise and provide valuable experience working on complex projects.


Building a professional network is essential for any career, and machine learning engineering is no exception:

  1. Attend Conferences: Attending conferences like the Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS) or the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI) can provide opportunities to meet leading researchers and practitioners in the field.
  2. Join Professional Organizations: Joining professional organizations, such as the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) or the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), can provide access to networking events, job listings, and other resources.
  3. Participate in Online Communities: Participating in online communities like Kaggle, GitHub, or Reddit’s Machine Learning community can provide opportunities to connect with other machine learning practitioners and learn about new developments in the field.
  4. Collaborate with Others: Collaborating on projects with other machine learning engineers or researchers can provide valuable experience working on complex projects and build relationships that may lead to job opportunities.


Becoming a machine learning engineer requires a combination of formal education, practical experience, and professional development. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can position yourself for success in this exciting and rapidly growing field.